The objective of the study is to understand gendered mobility patterns, mobility needs and preferences of mobile respondents, particularly women in the corridor area, for RRTS to act as a facilitator for enhanced mobility of women and girls. The findings of the study will be presented to NCRTC to implement a sound gender-responsive urban mobility strategy, underpinned by a clear, result-oriented gender action plan for the promotion of safe, affordable and accessible public transport and public spaces in the corridor area. BRIEF is supporting the World Bank by conducting a demand-side assessment to assess the perception, experiences and expectations of users and non-users (men and women) vis-à-vis the public transportation system in Delhi, Haryana, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh. For this, a quantitative survey with 3000 respondents has been conducted to assess gendered mobility patterns in the corridor area. The demand-side assessment explored the following aspects from a gendered lens:
- Barriers faced at each stage of the public transport journey with a focus on affordability, accessibility and safety
- Impact of poor transportation facilities on choices of women with regard to education, work and leisure
- Mode of preference for different genders to assess the nature of improvements to be undertaken
- Expectations from public transport system and public facilities
- Incidents of harassment, conflicts and gender-based violence in public transport; coping strategies and experiences of grievance redressal systems
- Compromises made in choices due to the lack of adequate safe and inclusive transport options
- Constraints in women’s mobility and economic participation due to various social, economic, safety and cultural factors
The study team undertook a supply-side assessment to analyse gender gaps in infrastructure and services at public transport facilities and public spaces.
Findings from the survey, demand and supply side, are being analysed and used to prepare the Gender Action Plan.